Tigers are one of the most widely recognized and beloved animals on Earth, yet a cultural obsession with tiger bones and body parts has pushed this species to the very edge of extinction in the wild.
While diminishing habitat is an issue, the main reason for the tiger’s demise is the tiger trade in China and parts of Southeast Asia. Despite an international ban on trade in tiger parts, this illicit market is thriving, aided by “captive breeding” loopholes which provide a cover for wildlife traffickers.
In recognition of Global Tiger Day (July 29th), we’ve compiled a few tiger facts.
1. There are only about 3,200 wild tigers still surviving. 100 years ago, there were 100,000.
- Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)
- Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
- Indochinese Tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)
- Malayan Tiger: (Panthera tigris jacksoni)
- Sumatran Tiger: (Panthera tigris sumatrae)
- South China Tiger: (Panthera tigris amoyensis)
2. After a gestation period of 103 days, tigers give birth to an average of two or three cubs; however, they can have up to seven.
3. Unlike most cats, tigers enjoy swimming and will even dive underwater.
4. Wandering male tigers often kill tiger cubs to make the female receptive to mating.
5. The largest tiger species is the Amur (Siberian) tiger, with males reaching 10 feet (about 3 meters) in length and weighing 400 pounds (181 kilograms). The smallest is the Sumatran tiger, at about 220 pounds (110 kilograms).
6. Tigers have around 100 stripes. Each tiger’s stripes are unique – like a fingerprint.
7. It has been estimated that 80% of white tigers die from birth defects associated with the inbreeding necessary to produce the white coat.
8. In the wild, a tiger’s life span is 15 – 20 years; in captivity, they have reached 26 years of age.
9. According to Chinese superstition, drinking tiger bone wine is a health tonic for treating common bone-related ailments such as arthritis. Tiger bone wine is made from the carcass of a tiger soaked in rice wine.
10. Three subspecies of tigers have been driven to extinction in the last 80 years: The Bali tiger, Caspian Tiger, and Javan tiger. (See fact 9.)
To learn more about the tiger situation, check out Global Efforts to Protect Tigers Undermined by China.
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