Pangolin Trafficking: 2011 to April 2013 [Infographic]

Pangolin Trafficking 2011 -- 2013: A conservative estimate based on seizures reported by the media. Image © Annamiticus
Pangolin Trafficking 2011 — 2013: A conservative estimate based on seizures reported by the media. (Click to enlarge) Infographic © Annamiticus

A conservative estimate of pangolin trafficking from 2011 through April 20th, 2013, suggests that more than 100,000 of these small mammals could have been killed in less than three years.

Since most illegal wildlife trade is undetected, we based our estimate on seizures reported by the media for the 28-month period — a total of 17,812 pangolins, accounting for scales and parts. Considering that seizures generally represent only 10 to 20 percent of the actual illegal trade volume, we estimate that between 89,020 and 178,040 pangolins were destined for the black market.

So far this year, we found a total of 2,562 pangolins accounted for in media reports, including the seizure of 11 kg of scales in India and the 2,000 pangolins discovered in the cargo hold of a Chinese fishing vessel which ran aground in the Philippines. In March 2013, more than 200 pangolins were confiscated: Malaysia’s Department of Wildlife and National Parks seized 133 pangolins at Kuala Lumpur International Airport and the Thai navy confiscated 104 pangolins. Indonesian authorities seized 128 pangolins in North Sumatra in February and 189 pangolin skins in Jakarta in January. These seizures indicate that between 12,810 and 25,620 pangolins were already headed for illegal markets in 2013.

In 2012, at least 6,550 pangolins were intercepted. Pangolin seizures were reported in China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam and Zimbabwe. Using the seizure figures as a guide, 32,750 to 65,500 pangolins were illegally traded in 2012.

The year 2011 was a deadly one, with a total of at least 8,700 pangolins reportedly seized across Angola, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, France, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mozambique, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. Somewhere between 43,500 and 87,000 pangolins were trafficked in 2011.

Pangolins are eaten as a delicacy in China and Vietnam; most illegal shipments of pangolins are destined for China. Pangolin scales are used in traditional Chinese medicine, although there are no proven health benefits to consuming pangolin scales.

We note that these numbers are subject to change as more information becomes available.



Rhishja Cota-Larson

I am the founder of Annamiticus, and I work as an independent Wildlife Trade and Communication Design Consultant. I have journeyed to the streets of Hanoi to research the illegal wildlife trade, and to the rainforests of Sumatra and Java to document the world’s rarest rhinos. I am a Co-Chair of the SSN Pangolin Working Group. At CITES meetings, I collaborate with colleagues from around the world to lobby in favor of protecting endangered species. I am a Wildlife Trade and Trafficking Consultant for the upcoming documentary The Price, the host of Behind the Schemes and author of the book Murder, Myths & Medicine. I enjoy desert gardening, herping, reading, designing, and walking with my dogs.